Type or paste a DOI name into the text box. Mediterranean climate regions of the Middle East, from Syria and Turkey to Pakistan, although it has been introduced elsewhere. Almond is also 1z0 803 study guide pdf name of the edible and widely cultivated seed of this tree.
The fruit of the almond is a drupe, consisting of an outer hull and a hard shell with the seed, which is not a true nut, inside. Shelling almonds refers to removing the shell to reveal the seed. Almonds are sold shelled or unshelled. The young twigs are green at first, becoming purplish where exposed to sunlight, then grey in their second year. Almonds begin bearing an economic crop in the third year after planting.
Trees reach full bearing five to six years after planting. In botanical terms, it is not a nut but a drupe. The almond is native to the Mediterranean climate region of the Middle East, from Syria and Turkey eastward to Pakistan. Selection of the sweet type from the many bitter types in the wild marked the beginning of almond domestication.
It is unclear as to which wild ancestor of the almond created the domesticated species. Almonds were one of the earliest domesticated fruit trees due to “the ability of the grower to raise attractive almonds from seed. Thus, in spite of the fact that this plant does not lend itself to propagation from suckers or from cuttings, it could have been domesticated even before the introduction of grafting”. See, for example, the brain structure amygdala, which uses a direct borrowing of the Greek term amygdalē. Almond trees can be attacked by an array of damaging organisms, including insects, fungal pathogens, plant viruses, and bacteria. In 2016, world production of almonds was 3. 2017, with a yield of 2.
Spain has diverse commercial cultivars of almonds grown in Catalonia, Valencia, Murcia, Andalusia, and Aragón regions, and the Balearic Islands. Australia is the largest almond production region in the Southern Hemisphere. Most of the almond orchards are located along the Murray River corridor in New South Wales, Victoria, and South Australia. The seeds of Prunus dulcis var. The acute oral lethal dose of cyanide for adult humans is reported to be 0. 10 bitter almonds may be fatal. All commercially grown almonds sold as food in the United States are sweet cultivars.
The US Food and Drug Administration reported in 2010 that some fractions of imported sweet almonds were contaminated with bitter almonds. This section needs additional citations for verification. While the almond is often eaten on its own, raw or toasted, it is also a component of various dishes. Almonds yield almond oil and can also be made into almond butter or almond milk. These products can be used in both sweet and savoury dishes. Along with other nuts, almonds can be sprinkled over breakfasts and desserts, particularly muesli or ice cream-based dishes. Because of their white color, most are traditionally considered wedding sweets and are served at wedding banquets.
In addition, a soft drink known as soumada is made from almonds in various regions. Also sweet almonds are used to prepare a special food for babies, named harire badam. In Morocco, almonds in the form of sweet almond paste are the main ingredient in pastry fillings, and several other desserts. Fried blanched whole almonds are also used to decorate sweet tajines such as lamb with prunes. In Indian cuisine, almonds are the base ingredients of pasanda-style and Mughlai curries. Badam halva is a sweet made from almonds with added coloring.