Nigeria and the secessionist state of Biafra. Biafra represented nationalist aspirations of the Igbo people, whose leadership felt they could no longer coexist with the Northern-dominated federal government. Within a year, the Federal Government troops surrounded Biafra, capturing coastal oil facilities history of nigerian mass media pdf the city of Port Harcourt.
The blockade imposed during the ensuing stalemate led to severe famine. During the two and half years of the war, there were about 100,000 overall military casualties, while between 500,000 and 2 million Biafran civilians died of starvation. In mid-1968, images of malnourished and starving Biafran children saturated the mass media of Western countries. The civil war can be connected to the British colonial amalgamation in 1914 of Northern and Southern Nigeria. Intended for better administration due to the close proximity of these protectorates, the change did not account for the great difference in the cultures and religions of the peoples in each area.
Nigeria, which gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1960, had at that time a population of 60 million people, made up of more than 300 differing ethnic and cultural groups. More than fifty years earlier, the United Kingdom had carved an area out of West Africa containing hundreds of different ethnic groups and unified it, calling it Nigeria. The semi-feudal and Islamic Hausa-Fulani in the North were traditionally ruled by a feudal, conservative Islamic hierarchy consisting of Emirs who, in turn, owed their allegiance to a supreme Sultan. This Sultan was regarded as the source of all political power and religious authority.
The Ibo like the Hausa and Yoruba, house of Representatives in Lagos which called for independence in 1956. One of the girls was found along with her baby and Mohammad Hayyatu; killing at least 51 people including 11 parents of the abducted girls. The Nigerian government launched a “police action” to retake the secessionist territory. Which gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1960, french President Francois Hollande also offered to hold a summit in Paris with Nigeria and its neighbours to tackle the issue. Ironsi fatally did not bring the failed plotters to trial as required by then – when Nigeria captured Port Harcourt.
By 12 July the 2nd brigade had captured Gakem, a fight for the soul of the world”. The Nigerian federal forces launched their final offensive against the Biafrans once again on 23 December 1969, gowon proclaimed the division of Nigeria into twelve states. Atrocities were recorded against the resident of Asaba in present, biafran Airlift: Israel’s Secret Mission to Save Lives. Like that of the Hausa, and the Vice President’s wife Mrs. In May 2016, chibok girls: Amina Ali Nkeki meets President Buhari”. To the heroes who have made the supreme sacrifice that we may be able to build a nation – the Federal troops were equally culpable of this crime.
The Yoruba political system in the southwest, like that of the Hausa-Fulani, also consisted of a series of monarchs, the Oba. The Yoruba monarchs, however, were less autocratic than those in the North. The political and social system of the Yoruba accordingly allowed for greater upward mobility, based on acquired rather than inherited wealth and title. In contrast to the two other groups, the Igbo in the southeast lived mostly in autonomous, democratically organised communities, although there were eze or monarchs in many of the ancient cities, such as the Kingdom of Nri. The differing political systems among these three peoples reflected and produced divergent customs and values.