WebGL Tutorials I created a separate “sister” site just for WebGL tutorials. Opengl shading language pdf, WebGL Hit a Snag Chrome rats bug fixed.
I’m still working on this site. You can bookmark this website and check back sometime soon for new content that will be posted shortly. Easily understand OpenGL and learn how to create 3D worlds and games from scratch. Preorder Now in PDF format for Kindle and get a discount. OpenGL Gems is coming out on April 15th, 2017.
The paperback version will be available via this Amazon page, please bookmark it! OpenGL Starting Point Tutorial In this tutorial we will learn how to create a simple, empty OpenGL window from scratch. Actually we will be creating an OpenGL application, because I cover both windowed and full-screen modes here. This will require you to know some additional information before you can understand what the source code means. I will use the window-creation base code from my windows tutorial as the base for the OpenGL app.
I suggest reading my windows tutorial. And when you’re done come back here, or perhaps you already know how to program in Windows Win32API and ready to start with OpenGL. I am trying to help the best that I can but by any degree, in my experience reading a book is the fastest way to learn information about a new subject. To make it easier to tackle this comprehensive tutorial I decided to divide it into 4 disstinct parts so you can learn one part at a time. Window Device and OpenGL Rendering Contexts ii.
OpenGL Initialization and Other Init Functions iii. Putting It All Together The first part will describe the Window Device Context and the OpenGL Rendering Context. These are probably the most hard parts of this tutorial. Window Device and OpenGL Rendering Contexts I don’t think I described the window device context in detail previously other than I said that the DC is used for drawing in a window, and we’ve successfully used it in the windows tutorials to draw pixels in the window.
Windows data structure containing information about the drawing attributes of a device such as a display or a printer. All drawing calls are made through a device-context object, which encapsulates the Windows APIs for drawing lines, shapes, and text. Device contexts allow device-independent drawing in Windows. Device contexts can be used to draw to the screen, to the printer, or to a metafile. As you can see DC covers a wide variety of functionality from drawing to memory operations. DC is used with GDI to draw graphics such as lines and points.
If you don’t want to understand how OpenGL works with windows and rather start learning to draw polygons you can look at the base source code provided in this tutorial and skip to the next tutorial. But for the information-geeks I’ll describe it further. In the following paragraphs I explain how OpenGL works in Windows. A Brief Introduction to How OpenGL works on Windows OpenGL was designed as a platform-independent API. In other words when you call a function to display a polygon for example, it does not know you’re drawing that polygon in a Windows environment and therefore you need to inform OpenGL about it before calling that function. As you saw in the introduction to 3D tutorial OpenGL uses a special naming convention for functions.
The information you will provide OpenGL with varies between What color depth should be used? Should OpenGL use a Double Buffer for animation? But how do you provide OpenGL with this information? Windows has a structure called PIXELFORMATDESCRIPTOR which contains all of this information.
Why not use the Device Context with OpenGL as with other normal GDI calls? Each implementation can have a number of different PFDs, which depends on what your hardware and your drivers support. The software implementation always has 24 possible descriptions. The hardware implementation has a various number of possibilities, depending on the drivers and the hardware itself. There is a handy windows function which enumerates all possible configurations.
You can use this function to determine possible features of your system. What I mean by it is that lets say your desktop resolution is set to 1024x768x16. You cannot tell OpenGL to use 24 or 32 bit for your application because it’s impossible to have two different color modes at once. 16-bit depth in this case, however, will work. But how do you know which settings the system is booted with? The parameters of this function are the device context and a pointer to the PFD structure which contains the programmer-defined configuration. So, to finish this all off, without any more confusion, here are the steps of setting up a desired configuration.
Later on, when you examine the source code, you will see that I enclosed these lines in a function SetGLFormat which is called during the window creation process. First you need to specify the size of the structure, this is a must. The next parameter is 1, it specifies the version of the structure. Next, we see a series of flags. PFD_DRAW_TO_WINDOW specifies that the buffer can draw to a window.