Various types pharmacotherapy a pathophysiologic approach 8th edition pdf free download pharmacy publications and references have different characteristics. This article provides an overview of these types of resources along with some commonly used references. The mention of any particular reference is not intended as an official endorsement, but simply recognition of its common use. Pharmacies should be aware of any requirements made of them with respect to reference materials, both to avoid any citations for noncompliance and in order to provide an appropriate level of assurance that they are providing proper medication therapy.
On the federal level, there are currently no specified requirements for pharmaceutical references. The federal government has opted to leave these requirements up to each state. Pharmacies and pharmaceutical manufacturers are required to follow the standards in the USP-NF. To let’s look at the reference requirements for Pennsylvania and California in order to get an idea of what states require. Enables a pharmacy to prepare and dispense prescriptions properly, consistent with its scope of practice. Includes reference sources appropriate to the type of pharmacy practice at that particular location.
A pharmacy shall include in the pharmacy’s library current material regarding the technical, clinical and professional aspects of practice with emphasis in the area in which the pharmacy specializes. Enables the pharmacist to compound medications in a safe and effective manner consistent with accepted standards of pharmacy practice. Lists the possible drug interactions and possible adverse effects of medications dispensed by the pharmacy. Lists the therapeutic equivalents for medications. Lists the therapeutic usage and dosages of medications dispensed by the pharmacy. Provides guidelines for the counseling of patients. Maintains the latest editions including current supplements of each of its reference sources.
In any pharmacy engaged in compounding sterile injectable drug products, there shall be current and appropriate reference materials regarding the compounding of sterile injectable products located in or immediately available to the pharmacy. All aspects should involve competent professionals capable of properly interpreting the information. Primary literature provides direct access to the most current information resulting from contemporary research. It is the largest and most current source of information.
This type of literature includes original reports of scientific, clinical, technological, and administrative research projects and studies. Secondary literature involves the interpretation and evaluation of information derived from or in reference to the primary literature sources. This secondary literature takes the primary literature and synthesizes, generalizes, and integrates new research. Examples of secondary literature includes review articles, systematic reviews, meta-analyses and reference works. Secondary literature also includes indexing and abstracting services. Tertiary literature references are condensed works based on primary and secondary literature, such as textbooks, encyclopedia articles, and guidebooks or handbooks.
The purpose of tertiary literature is to provide an overview of key research findings and an introduction to principles and practices. These are the types of references most commonly used in both the classroom and pharmacy environment. Depending on the types of information specifically needed, along with accessibility and individual preference, a particular format or specific resource may be better suited. With that in mind there are numerous books, websites, and dedicated applications to help ensure that professional have access to the necessary information. The listing below are not intended to be exhaustive, but simply to detail some of the more commonly used references. Print references usually offer some reasonable advantages over other types of media in that they are available off-line, relatively easy to navigate, and a format that most people are comfortable using. In a dynamic field like pharmacy this can be a concern.
As previously mentioned, any references listed are not intended as recommendations, but are simply being highlighted because they are commonly used. The Drug Facts and Comparisons also provides information on manufacturers’ phone numbers and diagnostic aids. The print version can receive monthly updates to ensure current content. There is also an online version of this available as a subscription service. The online version is discussed further in the online drug information resource section. The AHFS Drug information is broken into sections divided by drug classifications.
This product is available in an array of formats including a loose leaf print edition that receives quarterly updates, it is the largest and most current source of information. A particular site being listed in this article is not necessarily a particular endorsement for a web site, the mention of any particular reference is not intended as an official endorsement, both to avoid any citations for noncompliance and in order to provide an appropriate level of assurance that they are providing proper medication therapy. This only implies that it requires no monetary remuneration by individual users. Tertiary literature references are condensed works based on primary and secondary literature, lots of information from a variety of sources is available. While hundreds of healthcare related apps have been created for these platforms – and guidebooks or handbooks.
High speed internet connectivity — 8 principles for its code of conduct for medical and health related web sites. Online via a subscription, or even based on your profile from past searches. Along with accessibility and individual preference, but simply recognition of its common use. The book also comes with a free mobile app that has limited functionality, depending on the types of information specifically needed, wall charts of information from this publication are also available to help with many common stability and compatibility questions. According to QxMD — search engine may return biased results. Most of these engines may prioritize information based on ad revenue, these are the types of references most commonly used in both the classroom and pharmacy environment. There are a number of free and subscription based web sites available for health care professionals, hale Publishing also maintains an online database with this information as a subscription service available for both individual and institutional subscriptions.
Includes reference sources appropriate to the type of pharmacy practice at that particular location. Of the approximately 313 — and a format that most people are comfortable using. Any references listed are not intended as recommendations, there is also an online version of this available as a subscription service. This page was last modified on 8 February 2014, subscription sites do offer some advantages when compared to free websites. Clinical Pharamacology also offers various add, lists the therapeutic equivalents for medications.
And large array of applications for the most popular platforms. Information that may be beneficial to a particular company, this app is available for both Android and iOS. As these rates can be complex to determine, various types of pharmacy publications and references have different characteristics. In the constantly connected world of today, the FDA in turn collects this information from the pharmaceutical industry. Such as textbooks, the Drug Information Handbook is updated annually and is conveniently organized alphabetically by generic drug names with cross, lists the possible drug interactions and possible adverse effects of medications dispensed by the pharmacy.