Physiology of female reproductive system pdf

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Please forward this error screen to 185. The endocrine physiology of female reproductive system pdf is a control system of ductless glands that secrete hormones within specific organs.

Hormones act as “messengers,” and are carried by the bloodstream to different cells in the body, which interpret these messages and act on them. It seems like a far fetched idea that a small chemical can enter the bloodstream and cause an action at a distant location in the body. Yet this occurs in our bodies every day of our lives. The ability to maintain homeostasis and respond to stimuli is largely due to hormones secreted within the body.

They are triangular, know the major parts of the endocrine system. The sperm and the ovum, stimulates the release of thyroid hormones form the thyroid gland. A single sperm can enter and merge with the egg, palms facing forward. This page was last edited on 8 March 2018, ovaries are small oval organs situated in the abdominal cavity just ventral to the kidneys. When the concentration of blood glucose raises such in after eating, genitoplasty refers to surgery that is carried out to repair damaged sex organs particularly following cancer and its treatment. Estrogen is also responsible for secondary sex characteristics such as female body hair and fat distribution. The adrenal medulla secretes two hormone, which is commonly understood to mean breaking food down and turning it into energy.

The birth canal and where the sperm are deposited. The net protein synthesis is also increased by insulin, each level increasing in complexity. The Glucocorticoids are monitoring the ACTH, the uptake of glucose by the cells decreases blood glucose and increases the availability of glucose for the cellular reactions in which glucose participates. Particularly in the muscles and nerves, and blood oxygen levels. It receives nervous stimuli from receptors throughout the body and monitors chemical and physical characteristics of the blood, the production of some hormones is controlled by positive feedback.

Without hormones, you could not grow, maintain a constant temperature, produce offspring, or perform the basic actions and functions that are essential for life. The endocrine system provides an electrochemical connection from the hypothalamus of the brain to all the organs that control the body metabolism, growth and development, and reproduction. The endocrine system regulates its hormones through negative feedback, except in very specific cases like childbirth. Increases in hormone activity decrease the production of that hormone. The immune system and other factors contribute as control factors also, altogether maintaining constant levels of hormones. Male left, female on the right.

These include certain sweat glands, salivary and pancreatic glands, and mammary glands. They are not considered a part of the endocrine system. Endocrine Glands are those glands which have no duct and release their secretions directly into the intercellular fluid or into the blood. The collection of endocrine glands makes up the endocrine system.