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As an academic discipline the study of politics in education has two main roots. The first root is based on theories from political science while the second root is footed in organizational theory. Researchers have drawn a distinction between two types of politics in schools. The term micropolitics refers to the use of formal and informal power by individuals and groups to achieve their goals in organizations. Cooperative and conflictive processes are integral components of micropolitics.
Macropolitics refers to how power is used and decision making is conducted at district, state, and federal levels. There exist significant difference between “Politics of Education” and “Politics in Education”. More debates on the preavailing differences are solicited from academia of the world to define politics educationally. Emergence of the Politics of Education Field: Making Sense of the Messy Center”. The Micropolitics of Instructional Supervision: A Call for Research”. The micro-politics of the school: Towards a theory of school organization. Micropolitics of education: What and why”.