Not sure which series is right for you? Do recycling of solid waste pdf need training for CRP Recertification Credits or Compost Operators?
Note: These classes are not run by the Rutgers Office of Continuing Professional Education. Please contact the training provider directly with questions or to register. Informative presentations from people on the cutting-edge of sustainable materials management. Six web seminars on topics related to plastics recycling.
Ongoing webinars focused on a variety of topics related to recycling and sustainability. Webinar programs focused on waste reduction and sustainable materials management at higher education institutions. ANJR member in good standing to complete the NJ Recycling Certification Program. 2018, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, an equal opportunity, affirmative action institution. This is the latest accepted revision, reviewed on 15 April 2018. This article is about recycling of waste materials.
For recycling of waste energy, see Energy recycling. Recycling is the process of converting waste materials into new materials and objects. Recycling is a key component of modern waste reduction and is the third component of the “Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle” waste hierarchy. There are some ISO standards related to recycling such as ISO 15270:2008 for plastics waste and ISO 14001:2004 for environmental management control of recycling practice.
Recyclable materials include many kinds of glass, paper, and cardboard, metal, plastic, tires, textiles, and electronics. In the strictest sense, recycling of a material would produce a fresh supply of the same material—for example, used office paper would be converted into new office paper or used polystyrene foam into new polystyrene. Recycling has been a common practice for most of human history, with recorded advocates as far back as Plato in the fourth century BC. In pre-industrial times, there is evidence of scrap bronze and other metals being collected in Europe and melted down for perpetual reuse. Paper recycling was first recorded in 1031 when Japanese shops sold repulped paper.
Railroads both purchased and sold scrap metal in the 19th century, and the growing steel and automobile industries purchased scrap in the early 20th century. Beverage bottles were recycled with a refundable deposit at some drink manufacturers in Great Britain and Ireland around 1800, notably Schweppes. Proverbially, you could not make a silk purse of a sow’s ear—until the US firm Arhur D. Financial constraints and significant material shortages due to war efforts made it necessary for countries to reuse goods and recycle materials. A considerable investment in recycling occurred in the 1970s, due to rising energy costs.